Anybody who has lately taken a Y-DNA take a look at will likely be inspired to take a look at the FamilyTreeDNA web site and see if there’s a Surname Mission working for their very own specific surname. And if there’s, they need to be part of up. However for individuals who have by no means seen a Surname Mission earlier than, it may be a bit complicated to grasp what they’re truly .

Under is a weblog put up I wrote for my Gleeson DNA Mission (of which I’m co-administrator). It helps as an instance what you see, what it means, and the way you should utilize the knowledge to assist transfer your personal analysis forwards.

Maurice Gleeson

Dec 2015

The Gleason/Gleeson DNA Mission has various totally different sources that will help you hint your Gleason/Gleeson ancestry. If you’re new to the Mission, and even in case you are an previous hand, here’s a helpful abstract of all of the fantastic locations you possibly can go to and what every of them has to give you.

However earlier than we even get to the Mission sources, the beginning place for most individuals will likely be their very own DNA outcomes web page on FamilyTreeDNA and right here is my Dad’s outcomes web page under for example.

For those who click on on Matches underneath Y-DNA, that may present you what matches you may have at totally different ranges of comparability. The image under exhibits that my Dad has 2 matches at 111 markers. However I might modify the variety of markers in contrast by clicking on the dropdown listing beside the heading “Markers” (indicated by the pink arrow) and select 67 markers or 37 markers, and many others. This may enable me to match my Dad’s outcomes with different folks throughout the FTDNA database who’ve examined to this specific marker stage.

Within the first column, the heading is Genetic Distance (GD), and my Dad has a GD of 6 and 9 for his two matches. As we’re evaluating on the 111 marker stage, this may be written as 6/111 and 9/111. Genetic Distance refers to how shut or how far-off your marker values are when in comparison with one other particular person. A Genetic Distance of zero implies that the values for the entire markers are precisely the identical – that is known as an actual match.

Who qualifies as a match to you? Anybody whose marker values are sufficiently comparable that they meet the factors set by FTDNA to be declared “a match”. And listed here are these standards:

Nevertheless, your personal webpage solely exhibits you your personal matches – it doesn’t present you different folks’s matches. And it doesn’t present you matches that fall outdoors of FTDNA’s matching standards however which can nonetheless be related to you. For that, you must go to the Gleason/Gleeson DNA Mission web site.

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And essentially the most helpful web page might be the Outcomes web page as a result of that is the place you possibly can examine your outcomes to everybody else within the mission. Above is a screenshot of the outcomes web page.

Explaining the Columns

Studying from left to proper throughout the desk …

  • the primary column has the Identification Quantity assigned to every new member as they be part of the DNA mission
  • the second column lists their package quantity
  • the third column data the spelling of their surname (there are a number of widespread variants and some possible NPE’s – Non Paternity Occasions)
  • the fourth column listing the Earliest Identified Ancestor (also called the Most Distant Identified Ancestor) for every member – this could possibly be written as EKA aka MDKA … do not you simply love acronyms!
  • the subsequent column data the Haplogroup for every member utilizing each the older “long-form” terminology together with the “terminal SNP” terminology (a Haplogroup is just a set of individuals with a broadly comparable genetic signature)
  • and thereafter are the values for every marker, one after the other, going all the best way as much as 111 markers (though solely the primary 37 markers are proven right here)

Explaining the Rows

  • The primary row incorporates the headers for the columns. Under that’s the “Modal Haplotype” for Haplogroup R1b1 which is the Haplogroup to which all three R1b1 Lineages belong. The Modal Haplotype is just the marker values that happen most incessantly inside that specific group.
  • Under that, is the Modal Haplotype for the group Lineage I. You possibly can see that it differs from the R1b1 Modal Haplotype on various markers, indicated by the colored columns (i.e. orange for marker 391, purple for marker 458, orange once more for 447, and many others). This in flip differs from the Modal Haplotype for Lineage II, additional down the desk. The colouring of the variations from the R1b1 Modal Haplotype helps distinguish the distinctive patterns for every Lineage.
  • Every of the following rows incorporates the main points for a person member – it is as if the Y chromosomes for the entire members are stacked up on high of one another. This makes it straightforward to match the values for every of the DNA markers to see if the members in a bunch match on a specific marker or have a unique worth. Any variations are once more highlighted by colored squares.
As Mission Admins, Judy and I’ll allocate you to particular teams throughout the DNA mission relying on who you match. Up to now there are 4 distinct teams or ‘Lineages’ throughout the mission. Lineage I members are descended from Thomas Gleson of Cockfield, Suffolk, England (Judy’s ancestor), whereas Lineages II & III are Irish teams with origins in Tipperary and Clare respectively. Lineage IV is a small group of individuals whose origins presently lie throughout the US. My very own specific Gleeson department belongs to Lineage II.
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One other necessary web page on the web site is the Patriarchs Web page. That is the place we put up the pedigree of every mission member and as you possibly can see within the screenshot above for Lineage I, it probably helps within the reconstruction of the household tree of the Widespread Ancestor related to every Lineage. All members are inspired to submit their pedigrees for inclusion on this web page. Take a look via it – it’s possible you’ll uncover your personal ancestor there!

The opposite main sources related to the Mission embody this weblog and the Gleeson Family tree Discussion board on Fb. This presently boasts 178 members and is a superb place for socialising with the opposite members of the mission, sharing info, and making new buddies.

And anybody who joins will get a quick “report” of their outcomes courtesy of myself or Judy. This may embody an evaluation of haplogroup origins, interpretation of matches, what further tasks can be price becoming a member of, and what additional DNA testing may show fruitful for his or her specific state of affairs.

So do discover the web site, this weblog, and the Fb group – there’s heaps to find about your Gleason/Gleeson heritage. And are available again to this weblog typically – it is going to be a repository of information and a log of our ongoing discoveries.

Maurice Gleeson

16th July 2015



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