A sore throat is a common condition that causes pain, itching, and a scratchy feeling in the throat. Everybody tends to acquire it at least once or twice in a year. Difficulty in swallowing is another common symptom of a sore throat. The pain caused by a sore throat is a result of swelling or inflammation anywhere in the throat. Though it causes pain and irritation in the throat, it is usually not serious and develops as a result of flu or colds that tend to resolve in a week’s span. Homeopathic medicine for throat works by reducing the severity of symptoms like pain, and helps reduce inflammation and swelling to treat the problem.
Inflammation in back of the throat is known as pharyngitis, while inflammation of tonsils present on the sides of the throat is known as tonsillitis. Another condition, known as a strep throat (caused by the streptococcus bacteria), is a more serious cause of a sore throat that needs a quick medical diagnosis. Majority of cases of a sore throat arise from a viral infection, followed by bacterial infections and allergies. Other causes of a sore throat include GERD, smoking, overstraining of voice, chronic sinusitis, and a weakened immune system.
What Causes Sore Throat
Out of all the cases of a throat, around 90 – 95 % of arise from a viral infection. The primary viral infections that lead to a sore throat are influenza (flu), common cold, measles, chicken pox, mumps, and mononucleosis
Bacterial infections linked with a sore throat are more serious than viral infections. The most important is an infection with group A streptococcus bacteria that can lead to a strep throat.
A person who has allergies is usually at an increased risk to develop a sore throat. The common allergens include dust, pollen, grass, molds, pet danders (mainly from dogs and cats). PND or post nasal dripping of mucus is the main cause of a sore throat that develops due to allergies. Mucus dripping from posterior nares in the throat tend to cause scratching, tickling, and irritation in the throat.
Dry air tends to decrease the moisture levels of the throat, leading to dryness, roughness, and scratchiness in the throat. Mouth breathing also tends to dry the throat that leads to scratchiness and sore throat.
Top Homeopathic Medicines for Sore Throat
From a large list of homeopathic medicines for treating a sore throat, the top-ranked medicines are Aconite, Belladonna, Natrum Mur, and Merc Sol. The characteristic features of these homeopathic medicines are as follows:
Aconite – Homeopathic Medicine for Throat with Itching
Aconite is an excellent homeopathic medicine for an acute sore throat. It works well when the itching in the throat begins. The throat and parts like the fauces, tonsils, uvula, and palate get severely inflamed. A burning, prickling and stinging sensation may also be present. Dryness in the throat, difficulty swallowing and high fever are other symptoms.
Belladonna – Top Homeopathic Medicine for Throat with Intense Pain and Redness
Belladonna is a top homeopathic medicine for a sore throat attended with intense pain, a red, shiny and swollen throat, enlarged and swollen tonsils, a constriction and lump felt in the throat, dryness and scraping sensation, extreme thirst and high fever.
Natrum Mur – Homeopathic Medicine for Throat with Cold and Flu
Natrum Mur is a well indicated homeopathic medicine for a sore throat with cold and flu. Natrum Mur is helpful when there is soreness and pain in the throat with a watery discharge from the nose and violent sneezing. In some cases, soreness in the nose is also present. Apart from this, dryness in throat, a sensation of a lump or splinter in the throat may be present.
Merc Sol – Homeopathic Medicine for Throat with Painful Swallowing
Merc Sol is a homeopathic medicine for throat accompanied by painful swallowing. During swallowing, shooting pains are felt in throat, ear, and tonsils. Production of phlegm, smarting sensation and heat are also felt in the throat. Along with these symptoms, profuse salivation and night aggravation of the symptoms may be present.
Other Important Homeopathic Medicines for Throat
Many medicines come under homeopathic remedies for a sore throat, and these work well to treat the symptoms as well as causes of a sore throat. The top grade medicines under homeopathy for throat include:
Arsenic Album – Homeopathic Medicine for Throat from Cold Food/Drinks
Arsenic Album is a homeopathic remedy for sore throat that develops after consuming cold food or cold drinks. The symptoms that indicate the need for this medicine include pain, swelling, and constriction in the throat. Warm beverages relieve the pain in the throat, and there may be a sensation of having a hair lodged in the throat. There may be a runny nose, with a thin, watery, burning nasal discharge with itching in the nostrils. Nasal discharges may alternate with nasal blockage, and the symptoms tend to get worse in the open air and get better indoors. Arsenic Album is a useful homeopathic remedy for sore throat and runny nose.
Hepar Sulph – Homeopathic Medicine for Throat Pain due to Cold
Hepar Sulph is a homeopathic medicine for throat that becomes sore after the person gets exposed to the cold. A pain in the throat from exposure to cold that worsens upon speaking and swallowing, the presence of a plug-like sensation in the throat, sensation of a splinter in the throat, hawking of yellow mucus, roughness and swelling of glands in the neck and fever (with chills) are the symptoms that indicate this medicine.
Merc Iod Flavus – Homeopathic Medicine for Sore Throat on Right Side
Merc Iod Flavus is a homeopathic medicine for sore throat that develops on the right side. The right side of throat (along with tonsils) gets swollen and inflamed. Tenacious mucus in throat and constant inclination to swallow, foul breath, and relief upon taking cold drinks are the symptoms that indicate the need for Merc lod Flavus.
Merc Iod Ruber – Homeopathic Medicine for Sore Throat on Left Side
Merc lod Ruber is a homeopathic medicine for sore throat that develops on the left side. There is redness, pain, and swelling in the left side of throat (including the tonsil), and swallowing liquids and solids is painful. White phlegm may be hawked out.
Bryonia Alba – Homeopathic Medicine for Throat with Cough
Homeopathic medicine Bryonia for a sore throat works well when a cough is present, along with dryness and rawness of throat. Sharp pain in the throat that gets worse upon swallowing, scraping sensation and constriction, dry, hard, hacking cough that gets worse at night are the primary features that indicate the need for Bryonia.
Phytolacca Decandra – Homeopathy for Sore Throat and Earache
Phytolacca Decandra is a homeopathic medicine for the throat when pain from throat radiates to the ear. The pain is worse while swallowing, and it is difficult to even swallow water. Main symptoms that indicate the need for this medicine are a burning sensation in the throat, a disposition to clear the throat and hawk, and a slimy white coating on the tongue. The throat may appear dark red/bluish red and the tonsils are also large, blue and congested.
Phosphorus – Homeopathic Medicine for Throat with Hoarseness
Phosphorus is a homeopathic medicine for a sore throat accompanied with hoarseness of voice. The voice gets rough and husky, especially in the evening. There may be a pain in the throat that gets worse from talking, a scraping sensation in the throat, and cough with tickling sensation are the primary symptoms. The cough is dry, harsh and racking and gets worse from talking or laughing.
Merc Sol – Homeopathic Medicine for Throat with White Spots on Tonsils
Merc Sol is a homeopathic medicine for throat when whitish spots appear on the tonsils. Ulcers on the tonsils, rawness, smarting, burning, a continual inclination to swallow, enlargement and hardness of throat glands, increased salivation, and a sore throat that worsens with a change in seasons is treated well with Merc Sol.
Argentum Met – Homeopathic Medicine for Throat and Overuse of Voice
Argentum Met is a homeopathic medicine for a sore throat that appears as a result of overuse of voice. The throat feels raw, sore and the voice becomes hoarse, with alternation in the timbre of the voice. Phlegm that is viscid, and jelly-like or gray may also be present.
Kali Bichromicum – Homeopathic medicine for Throat with Mucus in the Throat (PND)
Kali Bichromicum is a homeopathic medicine for a sore throat with PND (post nasal drip). The mucus is tough and stringy and is hawked out in the morning. A thread-like mucus draws out of the throat. The throat is red and inflamed, and the uvula gets swollen. The voice turns hoarse, ulcers may appear on the tonsils, and constant retching and cough may appear. In some cases, the Eustachian tube may get blocked that leads to difficulty in hearing.
Belladonna – Top Homeopathic Medicine for Tonsillitis
Belladonna is a top grade homeopathic medicine for tonsillitis where the tonsils are red and swollen with pain. The pain in the throat gets worse from swallowing, along with dryness. Fever may also arise. Belladonna is considered to be the first aid medicine for tonsillitis.
Wyethia Helenoides – Homeopathic Medicine for Pharyngitis
Wyethia Helenoides is a homeopathic medicine for follicular pharyngitis where there is swelling, dryness in the throat. Itching in the upper palate, a dry, elongation of the uvula, and prickling in the throat may be present.
Baryta Carb – Homeopathic Medicine for Throat – Quinsy (Peritonsillar Abscess)
Baryta Carb is a homeopathic medicine for throat that is inflammed at the tonsils. This is also known as Quinsy or peritonsillar abscess. The principal symptoms to use this medicine include inflamed tonsils with pus formation, stitching, smarting or stinging pain in tonsils, burning sensation and pain that gets worse on empty swallowing.
Sore Throat: Signs and Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of a sore throat are as follows:
- Pain in the throat that becomes worse on swallowing food, drinks or saliva
- Itching, irritation and scratchy feeling in throat
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Redness, swelling of the throat and tonsils along with pain
- White patches, pus or ulcers on the tonsils
- Hoarseness of voice
- Dryness in throat
- Burning sensation in the throat
- Nasal symptoms (like a runny nose, blocked nose, and sneezing)
- Enlargement of lymph nodes in the neck that can be felt
Some general symptoms that accompany a sore throat are fever (with or without chills), weakness, headache and body aches.
When to see a doctor?
A sore throat is a common occurrence and clears up within a week on its own if it is not due to a bacterial infection. A physician should be consulted if:
- A sore throat lasts for more than a week
- There is extreme difficulty in swallowing or breathing
- You can see pus points or white spots on the tonsils or the back of the throat
- Excessive drooling in young children
- Constant fever, or high fever
- Blood in the sputum
- Strep Throat
A sore throat that develops as a result of a bacterial infection (called Streptococcus pyogenes) is known as a strep throat. It is very contagious. It most commonly affects children, but people of any age group can be affected. It can either spread through respiratory droplets of an infected person or through touching an object carrying infected droplets and then touching the mouth with same hands.
The signs and symptoms arising are a pain in the throat on swallowing, soreness in the throat, swollen red tonsils, and pus points on the tonsils. Fever, skin rash, headache, body aches and swollen/tender lymph nodes in the neck are other symptoms. A strep throat left untreated can lead to complications like rheumatic fever (an inflammatory disease involving joints, heart, skin, and brain), kidney inflammation (glomerulonephritis), peritonsillar abscess (collection of pus beside the tonsils) and mastoiditis (inner ear infection).
To confirm a strep throat, a rapid strep test or culture test or throat swab is performed to detect the presence of Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria.
Streptococcinum: Homeopathic Remedy for Sore Throat with White Spots
Streptococcinum is a homeopathic medicine for a sore throat in cases where a strep throat has developed. In case of strep throat, antibiotics are needed to avoid any further complications. Homeopathic medicine Streptococcinum can be used along with antibiotics. This medicine helps in symptomatic relief and speeds up the recovery process. The symptoms indicating the need for this medicine are redness, swelling, and constant pain in the throat and tonsils. Pus points on the tonsils, enlarged nodes in the neck, frailty, and weakness are other symptoms.
Homeopathy for Sore Throat
The conventional system of medicine indicates the use of antibiotics and painkillers for a sore throat. While painkillers can help reduce the severity and irritation that appears as a result of a sore throat, they do nothing to fix the cause of the problem. Antibiotics are only required in case of a bacterial infection.
Viruses cause many infections like colds, sore throat, coughs, and antibiotics do not work on them. Such infections typically need to run their course, and an otherwise healthy person can fight these off naturally.
Most sore throat infections clear up on their own within a week, and antibiotics play no role in the recovery.
Homeopathic medicine for a sore throat can help clear up an infection for long-term relief. These medicines also work well to treat recurrent sore throats by boosting the body’s immune system to fight the cause or infection and bring about natural recovery.
Homeopathic medicines for pharyngitis and tonsillitis help bring relief from the acute symptoms of a sore throat and also treat the tendency of recurrence. People of all ages can use these medicines safely since they do not have any toxic side effects.
It’s only in cases of strep throat that homeopathic medicine is recommended along with conventional antibiotics since strep throats can cause further complications.
How to Cure a Sore Throat Fast?
Since a sore throat causes pain and disrupts daily life, quick and easy treatments to cure a sore throat are always sought after. Some home remedies to manage a sore throat include:
- Getting adequate rest and resting the voice
- Staying hydrated by drinking fluids to keep the throat moist.
- Dehydration needs to be avoided.
- Easy to digest foods and comforting beverages like broth, green tea, warm water with honey and ginger, or ice pops can soothe the throat.
- Gargling two to three times a day with warm salt water can help soothe the throat, reduce inflammation and prevent the worsening of infection.
- Using a humidifier to keep the air moist, so it does not irritate a sore throat. Avoiding allergens and irritants like cleaning products and smoke from cigarettes or incense.
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