Fellows’ Journal Club

This study aimed to evaluate morphologic patterns and the delineation of deeply seated collateral networks using ultra-high-field MRA in comparison with conventional DSA in 15 patients. Sequences acquired at 7T were TOF-MRA with 0.22 X 0.22 X 0.41 mm3 resolution and MPRAGE with 0.7 X 0.7 X 0.7 mm3 resolution. The relevant deeply seated collateral networks were classified into 2 categories and 6 pathways. A total of 100 collateral networks were detected on DSA; 106, on TOF-MRA; and 73, on MPRAGE. Delineation of deeply seated collateral networks was comparable between TOF-MRA and DSA. The authors demonstrate excellent delineation of 6 distinct deeply seated collateral network pathways in Moyamoya angiopathy.

Abstract

Figure 1 from paper
Schematic illustrations of deeply seated collateral networks are shown in coronal (A) and sagittal (B) MR imaging views. Six pathways of collateral vessels according to perfusing territories can be divided into collateral networks to cortical vessels (remote, type a and b) and to major trunk vessels (local, types c–f). Anastomoses between striate arteries or choroidal arteries and cortical arteries directly or via medullary arteries (a); septal transcallosal anastomoses between choroidal arteries with pericallosal arteries (b); anastomoses between choroidal arteries or the posterior communicating artery and thalamostriate arteries (c); intrastriatal anastomosis among striatal arteries (d); intrathalamic anastomosis among thalamic arteries (e); and focal Moyamoya vessels in the basal cistern (f).

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE

Collateral networks in Moyamoya angiopathy have a complex angioarchitecture difficult to comprehend on conventional examinations. This study aimed to evaluate morphologic patterns and the delineation of deeply seated collateral networks using ultra-high-field MRA in comparison with conventional DSA.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Fifteen white patients with Moyamoya angiopathy were investigated in this prospective trial. Sequences acquired at 7T were TOF-MRA with 0.22 × 0.22 × 0.41 mm3resolution and MPRAGE with 0.7 × 0.7 × 0.7 mm3 resolution. Four raters evaluated the presence of deeply seated collateral networks and image quality in a consensus reading of DSA, TOF-MRA, and MPRAGE using a 5-point scale in axial source images and maximum intensity projections. Delineation of deeply seated collateral networks by different imaging modalities was compared by means of the McNemar test, whereas image quality was compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test.

RESULTS

The relevant deeply seated collateral networks were classified into 2 categories and 6 pathways. A total of 100 collateral networks were detected on DSA; 106, on TOF-MRA; and 73, on MPRAGE. Delineation of deeply seated collateral networks was comparable between TOF-MRA and DSA (P = .25); however, both were better than MPRAGE (P < .001).

CONCLUSIONS

This study demonstrates excellent delineation of 6 distinct deeply seated collateral network pathways in Moyamoya angiopathy in white adults using 7T TOF-MRA, comparable to DSA.

Read this article: http://bit.ly/2NGJNwY

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